?????????ú????????±??÷?ü“·???????”????????
2019-03-15 07:09:20?? ??????NET1640

?????ú????????????????????????????×???×???

×??×????????????,????±???????,?ó??±??÷???ü??·???????,?????÷????×????????è????????,???????????????????????·?ù????????,1469?ê?????ú??????×?,??±????ó???????ó?÷?????°?????????±?????÷?????ì?vé?(??×?)??6?ê?ó,?±?ì?vé???×??é×?,????????±??ò?ó?ú??????

??°??ê????,?????????????ú??????????·×??,?ò??????,?ò??????(??????)??????×?·????????°????????????,??????????????×??????ó?í??????????

???????ú??

?????????ó???÷??×??ú???÷??×??ú??????????????(?????±?ò?°???±???°???±·?????????±??ó????????)????×???1451?ê?ú??????????(???????÷????)???ò??·????ú???????°?????ú?±??±????ù×??????????ù???÷??×??÷???ù×???1466?ê????????????×?????±?·????ó??????????

?????ó???????·,?????¨??×?,????×????è,???????ê?ú???ì?vé?(??×?);?????????ê6??±??ò?ó?ú?ù??,?í?ê24?ê?????????????ê??×?????,×·???ú?????°?????????§??×??????ì?????????ó?±,???¨?á???ê±?ì?·???????

???????????°°???·??±?¤?ó

???????????×?ê?????¤·???,?ó?????????°???????????????è,?????????¤,?°?????±?ú????????????±??ó???????°???ó???±??

???°??,??±±????????????????×??????ó??????,??????????????,°????ü??,???????×??·???????????????????????±????°???ó???±????

???????ü??,?????±???÷?????????÷?????????÷???????????ó????????

?±??????,??????????????×????????????????°????????????????,???????÷?°?????ê(1451?ê)???ú?????°??,???????×?????ú?ó·?????,5?ê???ê???×???ò??????????????????

??????????????????×?????????,???????????°°???·??±?¤?ó???ò??????????,???????????í???¤·???,?±???á?ú???è,?±?????????????ó?????????????ó???????????????è,?????¤·?????????,???í?????????¤,?????¤·?±??????ü??°×??,?????¤??????????????

????,?????????÷???????????????·??????±ó?°??×??×??,?????????????÷????,?÷???????????ó??°???????????,??????×??????ù???????????é??×???

???±?????ì???ê??,?????????ò???÷á????????á????×?????·?????±??????÷???????ê(1465?ê),?°???°?????±???ó???????°?ó????,???????????????????????·???ó???????í?à????°????±×÷?°?????±???±,????±ó??????????????,???ì???ò±??°·????????±(????)??14?ê??????????????????????

??·??°???ú?±?????ú??

???÷?·?·??:?????????ó,??×??ú????,±??ù???????????????±?ò?°???±???°???±·???????,??±???????????,??·??°???ú?±??

?????????ó,14?ê?????????ò?°???±???°???±·???????,?????????á?±±??????????????ò??,?ú?·???????±±??????°???????±,??????????±?±????ù???ü??

?????????????ó???????????????????????í???ú,?ò???????é,???÷?·?·???????°?????????ó,??×??ú????,±??ù??????,?????¨??×??±,?????ó±??°???????·?±?????÷?ú,???·?????????í???¨?ó?????é?????¤×÷???±??

???¨?ó????×????ú?ú?ú?????ò?á?é??,??ר???????ò???ó?ó?§???é???·???????é???·????·????????????ì???¤×÷???????????é?????÷?à?é???í°?·???,??·??à????,?ò???ù?????????è?????é??????????

????,?÷??×??????ó??×?????,???????????????????????¨?ó,?????ó???°?÷????,????????·?·???±?,???é?ó?????÷??×??ò?????????°????????,?????????????????????????ê?÷,???????????????ù???ü????×?×???,?±?í?÷??×??????????è??????,?????????????????ú???????÷?·?·?í???ó?ú?????·?????????????ó???·??:??????????????,????????,??,????,?ì???í????

?????·?ù?????í??

?????ú???????????·?ù±???????,???????????ú?????÷??×??ì?vé????????ì?vé???×??é×??ó,??????????????????,±??ò?ó?ú??????

?±?±???÷???ó????±???×??ó19?ê???ò?ó?úר?¨?????????è?á???ó?????ò?ó?ú?ú????×?,????×?????±???????,?ó??????,???ò?????ú????,·??ú????????????×????????á?é????,±?????±????é??,??????????°?????

???????????ú??±??ò???ì???ó,?????à??????±????é???????à?????????????é??????????,±???±¨??????????,????×??????????????°°??????±?±??,???????ò????????????

??±??ò????????????????????°??ú??,???????????????ê?ú???ó?÷?¨??????×??ì?vé?,???????ó?????????ó?÷?????°?????????±?????÷?????÷??×????ú×??ó,????????,????????×??????????????§???°°??????±?????????ê??

?????????ê(1474?ê)?????ì,?÷??×??????à????°????á?·????,??????????×?????·????ú,????:??????????×????????·?¨????????????????????×??????ó??,????????°???????????????×??????ó??,?????ì?vé?±?·?????????×?,??·????????????ú???????ò°?????

???é??????,?ò?ó?ú????????,????????????????·?????????????????,?????????í????

?í???????ó???°?????ú???±

???????ú??,???????????????????????°???ú?????±á???,??????????????;???°?ò???á?ù??,??????á??????????±????????×????????????°?????×???ú??,??????

1487?ê?ì?vé????ù,?í????×????????ó,??×?×·???ú???????????°?????????§??×??????ì?????????ó?±,???¨?á???ê±?ì?·???????

???????????????ú??,???÷?·?·???????????±?°?×???????××????±????×???????°??????????×?ú???±,???????????????????????????è??????:???ú?????±á???,??????????????;???°?ò???á?ù??,??????á?????????

???°?????×??????????,??×??????????????????????????????×(×?)???°?é??

?????ó???°?×??????????,?????????????á?????????÷?·?·??:?°???????ó????,?ù??????????±?,???????ó??,×????????????????????·?ü???ó???????ó????×??ú?????????¤?????°?????????×????

?ò?à?ê????,???????????????????·?è??,?°?é?????ó??×???????±???°?,?????ù??????·???

?????????é??????×à????,?÷??×????????????????¨?ì?????????×?°??×????????í????????,???????ê?±ì?,????????·????????????????×???°?ù??°???

????????

???ú?????????ù????

?????à???????????ú?±?????????÷?°?????ê(1451?ê)???ü600?ê??,???????????ó???÷???????ó????×?,?í??????????????????,?÷???????????ú??????????????×?????·?????

???ú??:?????à?ò?????

?????§??????,?????????ú??????,???????°?????????????????????????????è?è????·??à??,?????±?????????????·???ó???à??,???????°???????????????????°???ó???±??

?????????????±?÷±à???ú?í?????±??×???(?????????????????á?á?±)????????,???°?????à???????????????ú??????,???????°??á??????±,???ó±??????????°???ú?????±á????±??????°·??????·????°?????,????????·?????????????(??),?????°???????????????±???????°·??????·????°????????á×?,±????°?á?ù???±,?????ò???????á???è??????????????????,?ó????????????°ü±????°???????í?±??

?°?±?±??×??????????????é·?,???í?ò???¨??±??????é·?????;??????×?×??ó?????¤??±?·????????ó,?ò?í???ò?°???????????¤?????°??±????°?é°ì,?????????????????????????±??×???????

????????????????,???÷??×????????×?ê±??÷???ü??????????,?????÷????×????????è,?ú???÷?????ì?vé???????,?????????????????????à·???????????????,???÷?·?¤?????????ó???·????:???ó??????,??×?????????,????,?×???????××???????

???ê,???÷?????????????ù?ù?¤?÷?????????¤?????????ú?????????????°???é·?,???????????????????·??????????,?à×???±í??????????????????×??????ó?÷?????ó??

????:?????????????????

????????,?????§????????????????×????????????????°????????????????????,?????±?ò·?????×???±??í?ó?????°???±?????÷?·?·?à??:?ù??????????????????????????????????±????°???±??????·¨??

???????????°????·??±,????±í????????±?????,±????÷?×???????ó??????;???°????????????????17??,×????????????ó??,???ê???????????????????ó??°?????

??×?:??×?????×?×??

??????????×???·??ù?é????,???????????ó??????????×??í·?,?ù???????í????×???????

???????§???á???ì?é:????????×????°,?????????÷?????·?í?????????°±??ù???????±???????°?°???°?ó?????ú???×(×?)???°???±???°???????ò???????×(×?)???±??????????ò???±?±??·???????×?±??????°???ù?±,???×(×?)×????????????????÷????????????×?×???

??·?????

???ó??????????

2009?ê12??25??,?÷·??????????????ó,??????????????????,????????X400??,????·??÷???????ó?????????????????????°????

???°????????????????

?ò????30?ê???????ò?ò???????÷?????ì??,?????÷???????ó,????·????è,?°???????ó??°?????????ó?????????????è????·????±???ó±????????±???????ú?ì???ê????????

??×???????,??????????,?à????·?·???????????,·???????????????,??????·????????????????????????°???????????????????±???ì????????

·?×???????,??????????????,???ì?????????????ó??????????,?°?à×???????,???????±

????????,×?×ó,???????à×???·?,???ì????????±????????????????????à×???·??????????à?÷·??à±?,?????à?±??????·?×???????,?ó????±????????¨??????é?,???????±????±????????????ú???????????????¨,????????????,?¨??????°??ì,?????±?ú????;???¨???????????ú???????????ò,??????????????°?????

×???????,??×????ì??·????ó??,???????ó??????,×?????????????,°????ü??,???????×??·?????????????????????????±????°???ó???±????

?°???ó???±???·????????????????·???,????????°??×,??????????,???????????????à,?°???????????????????????±?ê?????????????????????±???ì???×?????¨????????

???????ì????,???ì??????????????????????,?????ó????????±????÷?×???????ó?????????????°???????????????????§??,???¨??????????,×?????17?????±

?????????°?????ó???ó??,59?ê?????????????????é?????°????°?????,×??????????÷???????ó??,???????????÷???????????±????????,?ó????????±??á·??????ó,?ê?ú???????????ê,???????????°??????,???????????°????,??????????±???????????,??????????×?±????????ú???ú?÷????????,???ó???????±?±??????????????

?ò???à?????·??,??????,1996?ê?????????í???§???¨?????????°??1????????????????,???????????§??1?ò???¨???????à??·????°????·ê?ê????,???????????á???????????ó????°????±

×÷?????????¤,?????ó????????°??????ì???????????????ì???????????????????ò??,°??????????ó????????·?,?°?÷???????ó?????ó?????????ú?·????,?????¨???ó?á??????????????????????!?±

?????ù?÷????????????×???????°??¨?é??×÷???ù??????????·??ú??????°??¨?????????????????ì?????à????????